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Cook Children's Hematology and Oncology
Hematology and Oncology - We do it all for kids.

Orthopedic oncologyCook Children's

Orthopedic oncology

Children and adolescents with tumors of the bones or soft tissues of the extremities represent a relatively small, but uniquely challenging population of oncology patients.

Here at Cook Children’s, our hematology and oncology team of specialists and subspecialists are skilled at treating tumors of the bone and soft tissue. If your child’s tumor is diagnosed as malignant, rest assured that you are in good hands. Our team was specially chosen because of their brilliant minds, commitment to delivering the most advanced treatments available, skill and especially their drive to finding cures for cancer.

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What are bone and soft tissue tumors?

Bone and soft tissue tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign meaning they are not cancerous, and malignant meaning they are. When these tumors are cancerous they are called sarcomas. Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without control or order. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably a mass of tissue forms. This is called a growth or tumor. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors, which can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. There are three categories of bone and soft tissue sarcomas:

Other types of tissue sarcomas are very rare in children.

Bone and tissue sarcoma symptoms

The causes of bone and tissue sarcomas aren’t really certain. For some children, genetics may play a role. When children do get a bone or soft tissue cancer it usually occurs in older kids, teens and those entering young adulthood. It is rare that small children get them, though it is possible. The symptoms for these sarcomas vary depending on the type of disease, but most often will include one or many of the following:

Testing and diagnostics

In order to determine the how to treat your child’s cancer, tests must be done to determine what type of cancer your child has and what stage the cancer is. The doctor will ask about symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Additionally, your doctor may:



After cancer is diagnosed, staging tests are performed to find out if the cancer has spread and, if so, to what extent. Treatment for your child depends on the type, stage, and location of the cancer. It also depends on your child’s overall health. Your doctor will talk with you about the best treatment plan for your child. Treatment options may include:

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We are here to help.

If your child has been diagnosed, you probably have lots of questions. We can help. For information on support, research clinical trials, and resources, click here. If you would like to schedule an appointment, refer a patient or speak to our staff, please call our offices at 682-885-4007.


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