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Top 10 questions parents have about sports injuriesHow can sport injuries be prevented? What can I do for my child who is in pain?
Injury prevention guide
How can injuries be prevented? The following are recommendations for lowering the risk of injury to the young athlete.
Heat-induced injury preventionAthletes in the North Texas region are challenged with excessive heat, humidity and ozone fluctuations.
Strength training injury preventionIt is imperative that a trained adult in pediatric strength training be available to supervise.
Baseball injury preventionAlthough the overall rate of high school baseball-related injuries has decreased, the severity of injuries has increased.
Basketball injury preventionInjuries are usually minor, including sprains and strains, with the knee and the ankle most susceptible.
Cheerleading injury preventionCheerleading injuries range from mild conditions, such as sprains and strains, to very serious conditions.
Dance injury preventionDancers typically dance year-round with minimal rest or cross-training.
Football injury preventionA leading cause of sports-related injuries; with an injury rate almost twice that of basketball.
Gymnastic injury preventionGymnasts may prevent injuries by cross-training with appropriate conditioning programs.
Hockey injury preventionIce hockey has one of the highest sports injury rates for children. However, many injuries can be prevented by increasing the level of awareness and knowledge.
Soccer injury preventionApproximately 40 percent of all soccer players between 5 to 14 years of age will sustain an injury.
Softball injury preventionResearch shows that one out of every 10 softball injuries result in medical disqualification for the season.
Swimming injury preventionIt is possible to swim too much, leading to overuse injuries.
Tee-ball injury preventionEven in tee-ball, injury is a possibility.
Tennis injury preventionWays to prevent tennis injuries include selecting the right equipment and stretching before and after.
Track injury preventionMuscle strains and sprains are the most common track and field injuries.
Volleyball injury preventionVolleyball does require high energy and repetitive movements that can place an athlete at risk for injury.
Shoulder dislocationA dislocation injury occurs when the ball (the head of the humerus) is forced out of the socket, usually resulting from a traumatic event such as falling on an outstretched arm, a direct blow to the shoulder or an overstretch injury associated with overhead hanging.
Shoulder instability/subluxationShoulder instability/subluxation occurs when the head of the humerus (the ball) does not move properly against the surface of the scapula called the glenoid fossa (socket).
Point of no return: the importance of proper leg alignmentIn combination with the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the ACL makes a diagonal "X" through the center of the knee joint and provides stability to the knee and allows it to twist/rotate and move side-to-side. The ligament becomes injured or torn when it is stretched beyond its normal range of movement.
Rotator cuff injury of the shoulderThe rotator cuff muscles provide stability to the shoulder joint and perform specific movements at the joint. Injuries can occur as a result of traumatic injury, overuse, incorrect movement patterns involving the arm.
Back muscle strainA strain typically occurs when a muscle is placed in a stretched position and then contracted forcefully in the opposite direction, resulting in a possible pull or tear in the muscle.
Braces for scoliosisFor scoliosis patients, braces are primarily used for treating spinal curves that are more than 25 degrees or curves less than 25 degrees increasing in size.
Idiopathic scoliosisScoliosis is a curve of the spine measuring more than 10 degrees. Idiopathic means the cause is unknown.
Spondylolysis/spondylolisthesisSpondylolysis in athletes is typically an overuse stress reaction on the bone. This leads to a crack in the back (posterior elements) of the spine called the pars interarticularis.
Adductor/groin strainThe adductor/groin muscles are located on the inside of the thigh. Adductor/groin strains can happen during vigorous directional changes, while running, sprinting and jumping.
Hamstring strainThe hamstring muscles are located on the back of the thigh. Hamstring strains can happen during vigorous running, sprinting and jumping activities.
Hip flexor strainThe hip flexor muscles are located on the front of the hip. Hip flexor strains can happen during vigorous sprinting and kicking activities.
Quadricep strainThe quadriceps muscle is located on the front of the thigh. Quadricep strains can happen during vigorous running, sprinting, jumping and kicking activities.
Anterior knee painAnterior knee pain is pain around the front part of the knee and/or under the kneecap (patella).
Chondromalacia patellaChondromalacia patella is the softening of the cartilage on the underneath surface of the patella (kneecap).
Fat pad impingement/irritationFat pad impingement occurs when the fat pad becomes irritated and swollen from repetitive tissue pinching by the structures within the knee joint.
Gastrocnemius/soleus strainThe gastrocnemius/soleus are located on the back of the calf. Astrocnemius/soleus strains can happen during vigorous running, sprinting, jumping activities or repetitive heel raises (i.e. relevé in dance and gymnastics).
Ankle sprainsAn ankle sprain is the overstretching of the ligaments (structures that connect bone to bone) during a traumatic fall or twisting of the ankle.
Sever's disease is an overuse syndrome found in child/adolescent athletes and is characterized by inflammation and pain around a growth plate on the back of the heel bone (calcaneus).
Shin splintsShin splints can be defi ned as a pain response between the knee and ankle on the inside of the tibia (shinbone).
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