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Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease usually begins in childhood and early adulthood. The disease usually begins with the foot creating a high arch that causes difficulty with walking. Very young children may have difficulty learning to walk. The movement disorder specialists at Cook Children are very experienced in the diagnosis of this disease and in providing a treatment that can help improve your child's symptoms so they can participate as much as possible in their day to day life.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a group of genetic disorders that affects movement and feeling in the limbs. The disease progresses slowly and causes damage to the peripheral nerves. These nerves control muscles and transmit sensation.
CMT can be classified in a number of ways:
The primary risk factor for developing CMT is having family members with this disease. If you have CMT or have risk factors, you may want to talk to a genetic counselor.
CMT is caused by defects in specific genes.
Usually, symptoms first appear in children and young adults. The first sign of CMT is often a high arched foot or difficulty walking. Other symptoms may include:
Although there is no cure for CMT, treatment may help to improve function, coordination, and mobility. Treatment is also vital to protect against injury due to muscle weakness and reduced sensation. Treatment may include:
If your child has been diagnosed, you probably have lots of questions. We can help. If you would like to schedule an appointment, refer a patient or speak to our staff, please call our offices at 682-885-2500.