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Conditions Treated

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The Cook Children's urology/genitourinary team specializes in providing advanced care for newborns, infants, children, teens, and young adults with acquired or congenital urologic and genitourinary ailments. We treat a wide variety of conditions, some of them very rare.

Depending on the type of disease or disorder your child is diagnosed with, they may come to us for a single treatment or, if they require a lifetime of attention, become part of our GREAT Kids family. Our Urology/Genitourinary Center doctors specialize in pediatric conditions. That means they are not only experts in even the most rare conditions and treatments, they also understand the unique requirements for treating those conditions in developing bodies. To help you and your child better understand genitourinary issues, we've provided information on some of the most common conditions we see. Learn how we diagnose them, what causes them, who gets them, and–most importantly, how our specialists treat them.

Ambiguous Genitalia

Ambiguous genitalia is often a sign of one of several conditions categorized as a disorder of sex development – often referred to as a DSD.

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Bladder Exstrophy and Epispadias

Bladder exstrophy is congenital defect where the bladder pokes outside the belly. The bladder also forms inside out and is open to the abdominal wall. The condition can affect parts of the lower urinary tract, which is called epispadias.

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Cloacal Exstrophy

Cloacal exstrophy is a severe birth defect of the lower abdominal organs. A baby with cloacal exstrophy is born with several abdominal structures outside of the body, including the bladder and part of the large intestine.

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Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, or CAH, is an inherited genetic disorder that affects the adrenal glands and can affect the production of three hormones – cortisol, aldosterone and androgen.

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Hydronephrosis

Hydronephrosis is a condition in which a baby's urine doesn't flow like it should through the urinary system. Urine can back up into the kidneys and cause swelling. Ultrasounds can reveal hydronephrosis before birth. Sometimes doctors discover it after birth.

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Hypospadias

Hypospadias happens in boys when the urethra (the tube where urine leaves the body) opens on the underside of the penis instead of the tip.

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Neurogenic Bladder

Neurogenic bladder means that a child doesn’t have full bladder control because of a brain, spinal cord or nerve problem caused by issues such as spina bifida, spinal cord injuries, and certain tumors and infections.

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Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections

Many children get urinary tract infections (UTIs), but some kids get UTIs repeatedly; these are called recurrent UTIs. If not treated, UTIs can cause complication. That's why it's important your child's doctor monitors and evaluates UTIs if they seem to happen often with your child.

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Renal Stones (Kidney Stones)

Renal stones – more commonly called kidney stones – develop when a collection of minerals normally found in the urine form a small “stone” in the urinary tract. The stone – actually a crystal – can cause pain, block urine flow and, in rare cases, cause long-term kidney problems if it is not recognized and treated promptly.

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Spina Bifida

Some babies are born with a neural tube defect called spina bifida. A baby has spina bifida when the bones of the spine – the vertebrae – don't form properly around the spinal cord. The result can be a mild or severe form of the condition.

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Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is when a child loses bladder control, causing urinary accidents. It can range from minor leakage to completely emptying the bladder. Children can experience daytime incontinence, nighttime incontinence or both.

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Vesicoureteral Reflux

Vesicoureteral reflux, or VUR, is the backward flow of urine from the bladder into the kidneys. VUR carries bacteria present in the urine in the bladder to the kidneys. This can lead to infection, scarring and damage to the kidney. This backward flow can put pressure on the kidney, which also can contribute to kidney damage.

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We're here to help.

If your child has been diagnosed, you probably have lots of questions. We can help. If you would like to schedule an appointment, refer a patient or speak to our staff, please call our offices.

Call 682-303-0376