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Undescended Testicle (Cryptorchidism)

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Boys' testicles develop in the abdomen prior to birth and typically descend to their normal position in the scrotum before birth. When a testicle cannot be found in the scrotum, it is considered undescended.

The condition occurs in up to 30 percent of premature boys, 4 percent of full term boys, and can be present on one side or both.

What causes undescended testicles?

When a testicle cannot be found in the scrotum, it is considered undescended. This can occur because:

  • The testicle retracts easily
  • The testicle did not descend completely and is stuck higher in the groin or abdomen
  • The testicle was lost while still in the womb or before birth

How are undescended testicles treated?

Close examination by a pediatric urologist can help determine the position of the testicle and the appropriate treatment course. In many cases, the testicle will descend on its own in the first 3-6 months of life. In other cases, the position of the testicle can be corrected surgically.

View a procedure

Animated video demonstrates an orchiopexy procedure to repair an undescended testicle in an infant.

More about undescended testicles

We're here to help.

If your child has been diagnosed, you probably have lots of questions. We can help. If you would like to schedule an appointment, refer a patient or speak to our staff, please call our offices.

Call 682-303-0376