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Conditions Treated

ECMO procedure

As a level IV NICU we are able to treat all conditions related to sick or fragile newborn babies. We treat babies as small as less than a pound all the way up to full term babies that need specialized care.

Brain and neurological system

The brain and neurological system of premature and newborn babies are still growing and developing. These are some conditions that can impact their development:

  • Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Birth Asphyxia
  • Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL)
  • Myelomeningocele
  • Meningitis
  • Brain tumors
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Spina bifida

More on the brain and neurology


There are numerous heart conditions that babies can be born with, and you can trust that that even the tiniest heart is in the very best of hands.

Learn about congenital heart conditions and treatment here

Whether it's a minor defect or a very serious complex diagnosis, learning that your baby has a congenital heart condition can be very stressful. Fortunately, the neonatologists and pediatric cardiologists at Cook Children's are among the most respected, nationally and globally.

Our cardiothoracic surgery program offers precision treatment for newborns who require heart surgery with an entire neonatology and cardiology team who monitor your baby around the clock.

Our cardiology specialists offer the latest in advanced technology, including pre-surgical 3-D heart printing and technology, fetal echocardiography, and a highly specialized cardiac specialty care unit (CSCU).

Visit our cardiology specialty


Some of the most common endocrine problems we see in neonates are:

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Growth disorders
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Metabolic bone disease
  • Endocrine tumors
  • Hyperinsulinism
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Diabetes
  • Babies born small for gestational age (SGA)

More on endocrinology


Gastrointestinal problems occur in the stomach, intestines and anal areas of the body. Some of the more common conditions we see in the NICU include:

  • Feeding issues
  • Oomphalocele
  • Gastroschesis
  • Reflux
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)
  • Short bowel syndrome

More on gastroenterology


Some of the most common breathing problems we see include:

  • Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Apnea, and desaturation
  • Pneumothorax
  • Meconium aspiration
  • Persistent Pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN)
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)
  • Chronic Lung Disease (CLD)
  • Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn (TTNB)
  • Micrognathia (Pierre Robin)
  • Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
  • Airway tumor or mass interfering with breathing

In some cases, your baby may need respiratory support even after you're discharged from the NICU. Cook Children's Home Health Services offers in-home respiratory equipment and training for your convenience.

More on pulmonology

Other conditions

Neonatal care is able to address any of the systems within the body. These are some of the most common:

  • Sepsis - infections
  • Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
  • Jaundice
  • Anemia
  • Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
  • Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Kidney and urinary birth defects
  • Chromosomal or genetic disorders

We're here to help.

If you are interested in scheduling a tour of our NICU, please call 682-885-4375. You can find information on how to refer a patient or other NICU contact information here.