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Newborn Gastrointestinal Surgery

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Gastrointestinal defects are structural defects that can happen at any point along the gastrointestinal tract, which is made up of the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum, and anus. The incomplete or abnormal development of any of these organs can cause blockages that can lead to swallowing difficulties, vomiting, and problems with bowel movements.

Some of these defects are:

  • Esophageal atresia, or incomplete development of the esophagus
  • diaphragmatic hernia, a defect in the layer of muscle separating the chest from the abdomen that allows some of the abdominal organs to protrude up into the chest
  • pyloric stenosis, a condition in which the muscular wall of the passage carrying food from the stomach to the small intestine is abnormally thick and the passage narrow, forcing food back out through the esophagus (vomiting)
  • Hirschsprung disease, in which a section of the large intestine is missing the nerves that control its contractions, resulting in severe constipation and sometimes bowel obstruction
  • gastroschisis and omphalocele are defects in the abdominal wall that allow the intestine and other abdominal organs to protrude
  • anal atresia involves lack of or incomplete development of the anus, causing it to be absent or smaller than it should be, often with the opening in the wrong place
  • biliary atresia, in which the bile-carrying ducts in the liver either didn't develop or developed abnormally

More on gastroenterology

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If you are interested in scheduling a tour of our NICU, please call 682-885-4375. You can find information on how to refer a patient or other NICU contact information here.